Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Peacebuilding

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What Types of Evaluations are There?

Evaluation item: 
Overview and Introduction to Types of Evaluation
  • DFID Evaluation Department. "Types of Evaluation." In Guidance for Evaluation and Review for DFID Staff. London: DFID, 2005.
    • Available here
    • Beginner
    • An overview of the different types of evaluation available according to three broad categories: when they take place, the processes used; and where they focus.
  • Church, Cheyanne, and Mark Rogers. "Decision: Formative, Summative or Impact, What Type of Evaluation will it be?" In Designing for Results: Integrating Monitoring and Evaluation in Conflict Transformation Programs, 110. Washington, D.C.: Search for Common Ground, 2006.
    • Available here
    • Church and Rogers discuss formative, summative and impact evaluation, providing a short overview of these three types of evaluation and their relation with peacebuilding programming through some examples.
Formative Evaluation
  • Patton, Michael Quinn. "Formative Evaluation." In Evaluation Flash Cards: Embedding Evaluative Thinking in Organizational Culture, Flash Card 16. St. Paul, MN: Otto Bremer Foundation, 2014.
    • Available here
    • Beginner
    • This flash card provides the concept of formative evaluation, and provides examples of formative evaluation questions.
Summative Evaluation
  • Patton, Michael Quinn. “Summative Evaluation.” In Evaluation Flash Cards: Embedding Evaluative Thinking in Organizational Culture, Flash Card 17. St. Paul, MN: Otto Bremer Foundation, 2014.
    • Available here
    • Beginner
    • This flash card provides the concept of formative evaluation, and provides examples of formative evaluation questions.
Impact Evaluation
  • Chigas, Diana, Madeline Church, and Vanessa Corlazzoli. "Evaluating Impacts of Peacebuilding Interventions: Approaches and Methods, Challenges and Considerations." CCVRI Guidance Series. London: DFID, 2014.
    • Available here
    • Intermediate
    • This guidance is intended to help staff a) understand the challenges and opportunities of evaluating impacts of interventions that aim to build and achieve peace by targeting, directly or indirectly, key drivers of conflict and peace (peacebuilding interventions), and b) work with evaluators to ensure evaluation designs are appropriate, robust and conflict-sensitive. See pages 2-10 for an introduction to impact evaluation and its purposes.
  • InterAction. Impact Evaluation Guidance Note and Webinar Series. Washington, D.C.: InterAction, 2012.
    • Available here
    • Intermediate, Advanced
    • This series contains a series of guidance notes (in English, French, Spanish and Arabic), webinars on approaches and methods, and webinars on NGO experiences with methods.  There are four guidance notes with associated webinars:
      • An Introduction to Impact Evaluation (including how it differs from other types of evaluation and why it should be done, when and by whom);
      • Linking Monitoring and Evaluation to Impact Evaluation (illustrating the relationship between routine M&E and impact evaluation – in particular, how both monitoring and evaluation activities can support meaningful and valid impact evaluation)
      • Introduction to Mixed Methods in Impact Evaluation (explaining) what a mixed methods impact evaluation design is and what distinguishes this approach from quantitative or qualitative impact evaluation designs)
      • Use of Impact Evaluation Results (highlighting three themes crucial for effective utilization of evaluation results).
  • UNICEF. Impact Evaluation Series. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research, 2014.
    • Available here
    • Intermediate, Advanced
    • This series of briefs and videos on impact evaluation, developed by UNICEF in collaboration with RMIT University, BetterEvaluation and 3ie, covers the building blocks of impact evaluation. There are ten briefs with videos on specific topics related to Overview of Impact Evaluation, Strategies for Causal Attribution and Data Collection and Analysis Methods in Impact Evaluation.
Developmental Evaluation
  • Patton, Michael Quinn. "Evaluation for the Way We Work." The Non Profit Quarterly, Spring (2006).
    • Available here
    • Beginner
    • This short article explains what developmental evaluation is and how it is different from traditional evaluation.
  • Paatton, Michael Quinn. "Planning and evaluating for social change: An evening at SFU with Michael Quinn Patton." Filmed May 2012. Simon Fraser University Continuing Studies video, 1:27.
    • Available here
    • Beginner
    • This is a lecture on developmental evaluation followed by a Q&A session where Michael Quinn Patton. This video can be useful for both evaluators and evaluation managers.
Process Evaluation
  • The University of Texas at Austin, Center for Teaching and Learning. "Process Evaluation."
    • Available here
    • Beginner
    • This short text defines what process evaluation is, and lists what are some of its potential uses and the questions it may address. Additionally, examples and other resources are also available.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Developing Process Evaluation Questions, Evaluation Brief 4. CDC, 2009.
    • Available here
    • Intermediate
    • This brief defines process evaluation and helps think about process evaluation questions and the type of information that they can help provide. Additionally, the brief presents a a series of steps to develop process evaluation questions, and finishes with a series of examples of process evaluation questions.
Body: 

There are several different types of evaluations that can be undertaken at different times in the life cycle of a peacebuilding initiative. Some of the most common include:  formative, summative, impact, developmental, and process evaluations. This section provides an overview of some of these different types of evaluation. Additional information on evaluation types can be found in the "What Books and Toolkits Should I have on my Shelf as Resources?" and "Where can I Find Additional Resources?" sections.