Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Peacebuilding

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Measuring Results in Conflict Affected Areas - New Guidelines

The Donor Committee for Enterprise Development (DCED) has released updated guidelines and new case studies on measuring results in conflict affected areas. 

The guidelines are based on the DCED Standard, a framework for measuring and managing the results of private sector development programmes. Since 2008, the DCED Standard has been implemented by numerous projects across Africa and Asia. Feedback from practitioners indicates that it helps monitor progress towards objectives and manage interventions. The DCED Standard emphasises using monitoring data to improve implementation, which is particularly valuable in complex and unpredictable conflict affected environments.

The guidelines introduce the eight elements of the DCED Standard, from clarifying expected results using a ‘results chain’, setting and measuring indicators, and using results for programme management. In each element, the guidelines outline the challenges of results measurement in conflict affected areas and provide guidance on mitigation strategies. They suggest that all programmes should use their results measurement system to avoid inadvertently exacerbating conflict. For programmes wishing to use private sector development programmes as a means to build peace and promote stability, these guidelines outline an approach for reflecting this aim within your results measurement system.

Two supplementary case studies explore aspects of results measurement of conflict affected environments in more depth. The first case study is of the Employment Promotion Programme (EPP) in Sierra Leone, funded by BMZ and implemented by GIZ. The case study examines how the DCED Standard can be combined with the Do No Harm methodology, and used to monitor both positive and negative impacts on the conflict.

The second case study is of the Sustainable Employment and Economic Development (SEED) programme in Somalia, funded by DFID and implemented by a consortium led by FAO. The case study draws nine lessons from SEED’s experience in the challenging environment of Somalia, including the importance of a conflict sensitive monitoring and evaluation system, suggested uses of indicators of conflict, and the importance of trust and triangulation in monitoring.

The guidelines and case studies focus on the use of the DCED Standard in private sector development. However, the key elements in the framework are good practice applicable to almost any complex programme working in challenging environments. We invite all practitioners to read and review, and would welcome any feedback or comments.


Guidelines for Measuring Results in Conflict Affected Areas:

Case Study of Results Measurement in Somalia:

Case Study of Results Measurement in Sierra Leone:

DCED Website:

More information on the DCED Standard: