Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Peacebuilding

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Evaluation of the Department of State's Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO) Kenya Engagement

Author, Copyright Holder: 
Social Impact

Kenya Engagement Background

In early 2012, following a request from the US Embassy Nairobi and the National Security Staff (NSS), the Department of State’s (DoS) Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO) was tasked to support a joint DoS-USAID team develop and implement a conflict prevention initiative. The resultant Kenya engagement, as it was called, took place from February 2012 to April 2013.

The engagement was implemented at both the national and subnational level. In Nairobi, CSO deployed personnel to be integrated into the Embassy’s Political Section and USAID Mission. CSO also deployed a total of nine sub-national officers to the Rift Valley, the Coast, and Kisumu. These officers were tasked with (1) enhancing coordination mechanisms between subnational programmatic and diplomatic engagements with Kenyan efforts; (2) ensuring communities are better equipped to respond quickly and credibly; and (3) developing and supporting subnational messaging that amplifies and augments Embassy Nairobi’s strategic communications.

Overall, the Kenya engagement mobilized $3.5 million in USG funding, including $619,000 for cooperative agreements and grants and $2.88 million for operations. The engagement is particularly significant to CSO as it represents the first time CSO sub-national officers have engaged in both diplomacy and programming simultaneously.

Evaluation Background

In August 2013, Social Impact (SI) was contracted by CSO to carry out an independent final performance evaluation of its Kenya engagement. SI was asked to focus on analyzing three key aspects of Phase 3, its: (1) effectiveness; (2) likely future effects; and (3) transferability of lessons learned. The team utilized a qualitatively-focused mixed-methods evaluation approach consisting of a desk review of relevant documents; key information interviews; small group and focus group discussions; and a quantitative email survey. The evaluation took place over three months (September-December 2013) with fieldwork in Washington, D.C. and Kenya (Nairobi, Rift Valley and Western Kenya, Coast, and Kisumu).


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