Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Peacebuilding

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Final Evaluation Report: Peace in East and Central Africa (PEACE II) Program

Author, Copyright Holder: 
USAID, International Business & Technical Consultants, Inc.

This evaluation is the final performance evaluation of USAID/East Africa’s (USAID/EA) Peace in East and Central Africa II (PEACE II) program. The five-year PEACE II program was USAID/EA’s primary conflict mitigation activity in terms of financial investment and profile, and operated from 2007-2012. 

PEACE II program activities were active in multiple peace corridors along the Kenya-Somalia border and in one corridor on the Kenya-Uganda border. In the context of PEACE II, peace corridors are considered discrete geographic zones with notable historical cross-border activity, as well as evidence of cross-border or inter-clan conflict. PEACE II program activities focused on the institutionalization of multi-layered networks of intergovernmental, governmental, non-governmental and community-based organizations, and other representatives of civil society to manage and respond to cross-border conflict. The program goal was to great an ongoing local presence. 

This is an evidence-based evaluation that investigates the effectiveness of PEACE II in 1) building community conflict prevention, mitigation, and response capacity and 2) improving security in targeted communities. 

The Theories of Change of this project can be summarized as:

1) Peace Dividend Theory of Change: Through co-managing and sharing tangible development projects, cross-border communities will develop strategic relationships and long-lasting peace networks. These relationships will provide the basis for a joint response when faced with violent conflict in the future. 

2. Trauma Healing and Social Reconciliation Theory of Change: Increased stakeholder understanding of broken relationships and trauma caused by conflict will increase stakeholder resilience and leadership in conflict transformation when faced with future violent conflict. 

3. Local Collaborative Peace System and Sector Response Theory of Change: Through increasing capacity of local organizations (e.g. peace committees, sector response units) to respond to conflict, a critical mass of peace actors is formed to proactively deal with conflict when it emerges. 

Based on the evidence, the PEACE II projects and activities were largely successful as mechanisms to facilitate peacebuilding, trauma healing, social reconciliation, peace networking and cross-border interaction and collaboration between communities.  They successfully leveraged existing community peace mechanisms such as the Peace Committees, elders, womens and youth groups, traditional and culture-specific trauma healing and training mechanisms, and response networks to build additional and enhanced capacities for change in the corridors